Of the amorous passion, or love betwixt the sexes. For instance, that which produces pride when connected to self can produce love in another, as when the beautiful estate excites love in Elizabeth for Mr. Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Impressions are lively and vivid, like when we hear, or see, or feel, or love, or hate, or desire, or will; while ideas are less vivid and are drawn from memory or the imagination. Conclusion of this book.

Of the effects of custom. Of beauty and deformity. The Philosophical Review, 64 No. Alanen argues that this is due to the fact that passions feed our self-regard by directing our own actions and regulating our relationship with others, and through them our self-regard. He was concerned with why spectators find pleasure in the sorrow and anxiety depicted in a tragedy.

Of the love of relations. Hume tries to exclude religion from our reasoning faculty of right and wrong in that passiond make our decisions based on the over-riding passion during that moment. Four Dissertations is a collection of four essays by the Scottish enlightenment philosopher David Humefirst published in In these two sets of passion, there is an obvious distinction to be made between the object of the passion and its cause.

Hume proposes a scale of vivacity, in which impressions are vivid, ideas are faint, and beliefs e. They have objects; they also have causes, which can be further subdivided into the quality that excites the passion and the subject in which it inheres. Of the ideas of the memory and imagination. Alanen argues that this vavid due to the fact that passions feed our self-regard by directing our own actions and regulating our relationship with others, and through them our self-regard.

The essay’s focus on the subject the viewer, the reader rather than the object the painting, the book is typical of the British “sentimentalists” or moral sense theorists of the eighteenth century.


Of the idea of necessary connexion. This idea is presently converted into an impression, and acquires humw a degree of force and vivacity as to become the very passion itself, and produce an equal emotion, as any original affection. What seems central to Hume’s view is the inertness of reason, its inability to generate impulses for the mind see Millgram 7139 is a matter of controversy, however, whether the general point of view alone provides a genuinely normative standard see, e.

Four Dissertations – Wikipedia

Of the pride and humility davvid animals. The idea of self seems, however, to be intrinsically attention-grabbing, which explains why love for another somehow connected to us readily converts into pride, but not vice-versa so I may readily feel pride when considering my children’s many accomplishments, but consideration of my own accomplishments does not tend to provoke love for my children. Stanford University Press,p.

dissertation sur les passions david hume 1739

It also seems inappropriate to reduce passions to desires: History and Theory, 17 No. Of vice and virtue. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Indeed, pride seems both to require reference to an idea of the self, and to buttress whatever meager idea we may already have by directing the mind to an idea of the self outfitted with various pleasurable associations.

A Treatise of Human Nature Series

Agosta will appeal to a conception of sympathy, which fuses empathy and aesthetics to arrive at a conclusion. These two principles of authority and sympathy influence almost all our opinions. Of benevolence and anger.

dissertation sur les passions david hume 1739

According to Agostataste gives us an enjoyment of the qualities regarding the characters of human beings in conversations, humor, and friendships that is super-set of what empathy does with its fine-grained distinctions in accessing the experience of other people. A good judge will pazsions be a good critic and teacher of appropriate taste. Now nothing is more natural than for us to embrace the opinions of other in this particular, both from sympathy which renders all their sentiments intimately present to us; and from reasoning which makes us regard their judgment as a kind of argument for what they affirm.


But it is his musings on our aesthetic judgments that may provide the best example of a genuine standard of taste. Doubt, uncertainty, suspence of judgment appear the only result of our most accurate scrutiny, concerning this subject.

A Treatise of Human Nature Series by David Hume

Now a new question arises, humf does the ideal observer acquire a steady, general, common point of view? There are, in fact, a number of such points of view, but they all seem inherently normative, for what the spectator considers is what one ought to feel in the situation, and one form of moral judgment concerns the appropriateness of an agent’s response to the situation.

dissertation sur les passions david hume 1739

David Hume’s wide-ranging philosophical works discuss the emotions at length, most notably in his Treatise of Human Naturewhich devotes the second of its three books to the passions, as well as in the Dissertation on the Passions from Four Dissertationswhich covers much the same material.

Four Dissertations 1 ed. For Hume, property has the greatest of influences on pride because it gives the fullest power and authority over any object.

We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. Therefore, the descriptive system he proposes aims to explain how these passions arise in human beings and what effects they have in human conduct and interactions.