EDMUND WILSONS ESSAY MARXISM AND LITERATURE SUMMARY

Marxist thinkers believe that revolutionary and pre-Revolutionary periods are the most suitable time for the literary work. They forget the fact that great works of art were written not on the basis of any order. Lenin died, Trotsky was exiled. After telling everything about the Marxist literature, Edmund Wilson says that Marxism still remains as a great force in this world. When this work was in progress, Wilson became disillusioned with Marxism as it was preached and practised under the dictatorship of Stalin.

Then Edmund Wilson refers to some of the responses of Marx and Engels to literature. But the new Marxist followers did not understand literature from this perspective. Marx used to say that poets are originals and must be allowed to go their own way. The early American writers believed in the dignity of ordinary humanity and in the demoralization of literature. Marxists believe that a work of art written on the Marxist perspective is considered a good work and all other works are bad. Taine was a master in this. It is society itself, says Trotsky, which becomes the work of art under communism.

UGC NET PLATFORM: Marxism and Literature : Edmund wilson

But the new Marxist followers did not understand literature from this perspective. He admired Aeschylus for his grandeur, and liked the Greek Mythological figures of Zeus and Prometheus for their defiance.

Litersture their attempt for the interpretation of works of art is wrong.

After telling everything about the Marxist literature, Edmund Wilson says that Marxism still remains as a great force in this world. Unknown September 3, at Inhe started a edumnd on the Russian Revolution— To the Finland station. The early American writers believed in the dignity of ordinary humanity and in the demoralization of literature. Granville Hicks—the American Marxist critic.

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Edmund wilson’s essay marxism and literature summary

Trotsky did not encourage the idea of proletarian culture and proletarian literature. In other words, democratic values are not the monopolies of Marxism; they are a world-wide phenomenon in this age of the common man.

The truth is that there is short range and long range literature. According to him they never believed that art and literature are conditioned and determined by social and economic standards.

edmund wilsons essay marxism and literature summary

It is not merely a philosophical and political theory, it is a great force of social change. A Marxist cannot judge a work of art purely on the basis of its artistic value. He said that both proletarian culture and proletarian literature would be dangerous things because they would incorrectly compress the culture anv future into the narrow limits of the present day.

edmund wilsons essay marxism and literature summary

He had to combat with problems which had not bothered Marx and Engels. In Marxist Russia cultural values were destroyed rapidly. Indu C July 9, at 8: Weapon is not the right word for this. Aparna Thomas Njarakkatt 3 April at They considered art as an independent activity. Edmund Wilson discusses whether proletarian literature grows along with social revolution. When Stalin came to power the liberalism was choked out of existence and he destroyed the followers of liberalism.

Edmund Wilson opposes this view; he says that it is wrong because literature and art are peace time activities. Marxist critics try to make literature as an effective tool in the class struggle. It is society itself, says Trotsky, which becomes the work of art under communism. He looked at proletarian dictatorship from the stand point of view. This disillusionment is reflected in this essay. He studies the influence of Marxism on literature and traces in this essay the history of Marxist literary theory as it was carried out by Engels, Lenin, Trotsky and a number of other critics.

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While he wrote extensively on the relationship between political ideologies such as Marxism and Literature, he opposed any pre-formulated critical frameworks, or what he called “a process of lopping and distortion to make [the work] fit the Procrustes bed of a thesis. During the periods of intense artistic activity art influences economic and social organization out of which it grows.

So the works created in different countries have no elements of Marxism.

Edmund wilson’s essay marxism and literature summary

There are various reasons for this. When this work was in progress, Wilson became disillusioned with Marxism as it was preached and practised under the dictatorship of Literatute. Thus the relation between art and society is reciprocal.

Marxist thinkers believe that revolutionary and pre-Revolutionary periods are the most suitable time for the literary work.