The acetone, methanol, chloroform, ethyl acetate, petroleum ether and distilled water parthenium leaves extracts were used for evaluation of the antimicrobial activity by the agar well diffusion method. The standard phytochemical tests were carried out on the chloroform extract in accordance with Harborne procedures. Published by Elsevier B. Antimicrobial activity of dalchini Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark extracts on some dental caries pathogens. If you are not the author of this article and you wish to reproduce material from it in a third party non-RSC publication you must formally request permission using Copyright Clearance Center. Blood samples were withdrawn from the animals again on the tenth day and the blood glucose levels determined using Glucose meter kit Life scan, USA.

The alkaloids extract of Picralima nitida seed Apocynaceae given i. At fixed time intervals 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 h , the blood samples were collected and blood glucose levels determined. The and mg kg -1 doses of glycosides fraction of Picralima nitida seed extract caused percentage maximal reduction of Bark boiled in water or palm-wine is commonly used in Congo for cough and diarrhoea. The bark is used in Ghana as a stomachic and in the form of an enema for constipation and piles; the bark is also said to cure septic wounds. They had access to water before and during the experimental stages, fed with standard feed from Pfizer Plc, Lagos.

Qualitatively, testosterone and PNE treatment resulted in relatively brighter red combs. Distinguishing androgen receptor agonists and antagonists: Animals with blood glucose levels above mg dL -1 were considered hyperglycemic.

literature review on picralima nitida

International Journal of Pharmacology, 3: Antimicrobial potential of Parthenium hysterophorus Linn. The local plants include: Chronic oral consumption of ethanolic extract of Picralima nitida Akuamma seed induced histopathological changes on the testes of adult wistar rats.

Search revieew antibacterial and antifungal agents from selected Indian medicinal plants. In Nigeria they are boiled together for administration as a febrifuge. Toxicity evaluation of a polyherbal antihypertensive mixture in Ghana. Researchers found malaria samples collected in and around Myanmar contained evidence of resistance to the frontline drug artemisinin.


J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; The leaves have many medicinal uses including diaphoretic, anti-indigestion and anti- dysentery. Antidiabetic activity of Boerhaavia diffusa L.: It is called oguru akam and obisikeosiso in Igbo, Dogo’nyaro in Hausa and aforo oyinbo in Yoruba. Effect of glycosides extract of Picralima nitida seed extract on mean fasting blood glucose levels of alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats after subchronic treatment. The results of antimicrobial potency of methanol, acetone, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, chloroform and aqueous extracts of parthenium leaves and the positive control ciprofloxacin for bacteria and amphotericin-B for fungi are presented in Table 1 and values of MIC of these extracts against the test pathogens are presented in Table 2.

The normoglycemic rats treated with mg kg -1 of alkaloids showed consistent increment in mean fasting blood glucose levels above the 0 h blood glucose baseline value while some of rats of the mg kg -1 treated group died of severe hyperglycemia at the 4th h. These reasons have favoured the utilization of alternative medicine to stabilize the blood glucose level in most diabetic patients of some developing countries of the world.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus: After the 0 h blood withdrawal, the rats in all the groups received their drugs and blood samples were withdrawn at fixed time intervals 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 h and the blood glucose levels determined using Glucose meter kit Life scan, USA.

Bark pulped up to a paste is used in Casamance Senegal on rheumatism, especially painful arthritis in the knee. To investigate the effect of PNE on reproductive hormones.

Picralima nitida Durand and Hook, fam.

Evaluation of the Antibacterial Properties of Picralima Nitida Stembark Extracts

In Sierra Revieew, a chicken killed by a male child is cooked with pounded bark; the stomach becomes exceedingly bitter and is taken by those, especially women, suffering from intestinal disorders. For stomachache and malaria; the leaves are washed and given to the patient to chew.


literature review on picralima nitida

The blood glucose reduction in these diabetic rats treated with glycoside doses commenced from the first hour till the twelfth hour of treatment just like revie standard glyburide treated group Table 2.

Due to this chemical richness, the leaves and the bark are used in different herbal medicines for various purposes. It is said that stains on the hands can be removed by the leaves. The antimicrobial activity of parthenium extracts on the agar plates varied in different solvents Fig. At last, the development of an effective phyto compound into an exploitable herbal product, which is devoid of side effects and drug resistance problem.

Nigeria: Herbal Cocktail for Drug-Resistant Malaria

Antimicrobial activity of ultrasound-assisted solvent-extracted spices. As a veterinary medicine, bark is fed to horses in Senegal to improve revifw appetite.

The m ethanolic extract 9. Results from various literatture investigations to date have revealed the potential of the extract from the plant or isolated compounds for use in the treatment and prevention of various kinds of human diseases. Results from various scientific investigations to date have revealed the potential of the extract from the plant or isolated compounds for use in the treatment and prevention of various kinds of human diseases.

The bark has a widespread use in Ghana to assuage toothache, and the Akan name sindru is a corruption of the words picralimx ‘tooth medicine’.