MEDC VOLCANO CASE STUDY ICELAND

Animation of ash cloud spreading This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe. This means that many of the countries have great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people stuck by the restrictions on air travel. Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. Many kinds of measurements are carried out by the IMO and other agencies that provide valuable information used to warn of impending danger, for example potential eruptions and floods. There were many environmental impacts of this eruption, and scientists feared a climatic impact. The main risks were to soils and water courses.

The impact of the event social, economic, environmental , in the short and longer term. The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. A second, explosive eruption occurred on 14th April, and the volcano continued to erupt for around a month. This event was therefore tracked and prepared for, and the ash cloud was tracked by satellite by many nations. The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. Responses to the event.

Volcanoes case study

This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the icelan must worse. Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. Some glaciers can be as high as 1km!

It is the most southerly casr on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west. In addition, the EU has other transport mechanisms such as extensive road and motorway networks, rail networks including the Channel tunnel and boat networks which were particularly important for the transportation of food goods etc. Britain had fine anticyclonic weather for a lot of the time that the Ash cloud existed.

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medc volcano case study iceland

The eruption occurred beneath the glacier causing large amounts of meltwater, this increased the explosive power, and cooled the lava very quickly creating abrasive, glass rich ash. These are perishable goods and they are transported by plane to keep them fresh but the flight ban meant that icdland returned unsold and destroyed.

The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to volcanp their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep. The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture. We think you have liked this presentation.

MEDC Volcanic Eruption Case Study: Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings. The London office gave information on ash which is based on information from the Icelandic Met Office. Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds.

The mountain is a stratovolcano standing m tall and is fed by a magma chamber caused by the divergence of the Mid Atlantic Ridge.

Volcanoes – Revision 4 – KS3 Geography – BBC Bitesize

The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude. Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service.

medc volcano case study iceland

Registration Forgot your password? The main risks were to soils and water courses. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind oceland the ash southeast towards Europe: There were many environmental impacts of this eruption, and scientists feared a climatic impact. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Earthquakes and Eruptions in Iceland from hjalli on Vimeo.

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Volcanoes CASE STUDY MEDC: Iceland

It is one of many volcanoes on the island, the closest being Katla, a much more active and powerful volcano. It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. Causes volcanno the volcanic eruption On July 16,a magnitude 7.

Their legal, technical and infrastructure systems can cope with hazards such as this eruption, even if there are economic impacts. The location of the volcano — directly below the Gulf Stream made it impossible to prevent travel disruptions, however cancelling flights may have prevented many deaths from aircraft failure.

The eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometres high, which was carried across to Europe by the Caase Stream. In addition, all of the countries in Europe have bodies which determine the safety of conditions to fly in.

A second, explosive eruption occurred on 14th April, and uceland volcano continued to erupt for around a month.

Responses to the event. Here, convection currents are driving apart the North American plate moving West and the Eurasian Plate moving East along a constructive or divergent plate boundary.

Hire car companies and other forms of transport Hiked their prices as people sought other ways to get home, on my way back from France I met people who had paid thousands mecc pounds to hire a car to get them to Northern France to take a ferry.